Can Tho city

Being the city directly under the central government, Can Tho is situated in the center of Cuu Long river delta. It is bounded on the north by An Giang Province, on the south by Bac Lieu Province, on the east by the provinces of Vinh Long, and Dong Thap, Can Tho covers an natural area of 3,000

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Being the city directly under the central government, Can Tho is situated in the center of Cuu Long river delta. It is bounded on the north by An Giang Province, on the south by Bac Lieu Province, on the east by the provinces of Vinh Long, and Dong Thap, Can Tho covers an natural area of 3,000
Stretching 65 km on the bank of Me Kong River, and being 169 km southwest of Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho has been considered as the capital of the western region of Viet nam. It is also important traffic glue among provinces in Cuu Long River Delta.
Can Tho city’s topography is relatively flat, and rising from the north to the south. The north region included the districts of Thot Not, O Mon, and Chau Thanh is sunken. Therefore, it is often flooded in rainy season in September.
Can Tho lies in tropical, monsoon climate. It is relatively moderate, and rarely affected from storms. There are two distinct seasons. The rainy season lasts from May to November, while the dry season lasts from December to next April.
The mean temperature is 26-270C with no large variations among months in the year. The highest temperature is 36-370C, and the lowest one is 17-180C. The average humidity is 82%, and fluctuating according to seasons. In the rainy season, the humidity can be up to 86%, while in the dry season, the humidity can be down to 76%. The total amount of sunny hours in the year is about 2,500 hours. The total amount of sunny hours in a day is 7.1 hours. The annual rainfall ranges from 1,600 – 1,800 mm with concentration of 90% out of the total one in the rainy season
Ninh Kieu river wharf
Ninh Kieu river wharf – the old name is Hang Duong or Le Loi – was in the front part of Can Tho market where a big number of boats, and ships were traveling. Since 1858, the river wharf, and the park that were next to Le Loi street, was renamed according to the battle’s name of Lam Son army of Ninh Kieu.
Situated on Hai Ba Trung street, on right side of Hau river, and in the center of Can Tho city, Ninh Kieu water wharf covers an area of 7,665 It attracts tourists’ attentions not only for the evergreen islands ranges, soft Hau river, but also for riverside restaurants, and floating markets. Ninh Kieu also a place where the biggest, and oldest spring flower market is taken place.
Binh Thuy temple
Being 5 km of Can Tho city, covering an area of 4,000, Binh Thuy temple has the largest area among other temples in Can Tho city. It was built in 1844.
Binh Thuy temple not only contains traditionally architectural elements of the South Vietnam ancient village, but also maintains quintessences of the culture, and civilization of Can Tho waterways, and hicks.
Can Tho ancient market
Being closed to Ninh Kieu river wharf, Can Tho ancient market that is over 100 years old, was built earlier than the markets of Ben Thanh, and Binh Tay (Ho Chi Minh city). The market’s architecture is considered as the nicest one in the region. Long time ago, it was the center for goods exchange of the whole southwest Vietnam. Nowadays, it is still a crowded market, and a attractive tourism destination for tourists. Nowadays, there are tourist wharf, food shops, and souvenir shops in the area of the market.
Ong pagoda
Situated in Ninh Kieu river wharf, the padoda has typical architecture with the shape of “Quoc” in Vietnamese that has the meaning of a country in English. Its roofs were covered with double tiles. The roofs’ edges were made from deep blue enamel. The pagoda is the combination of carving art, and special tone values through embossment paints, and patterns that are everywhere, and Chinese ancient writing art. On Tet holiday – the biggest festival of the year, a lots of cultural activities are organized for drawing thousands of people attention.
Can Tho museum
With an area of 2,700, Can Tho museum is the biggest general museum in the Cuu Long river delta. This is a place where display objects for introduction of Can Tho people, and land over historical periods, socio-cultural, and economic achievements of ethnicities of Kinh, Hoa, Khmer in the process of founding, protecting, and developing the country. Nowadays, over 5,000 precious, and rare items are displayed in the museum.
My Khanh tourism garden
Located between Cai Rang floating market, and Phong Dien, My Khanh tourism garden is My Khanh tourism village nowadays, covering an area of over 4 ha.
With more than 20 typical fruits of the southwest Vietnam, My Khanh garden also raise over 10 precious, and rare wild animals such as bird, tortoise, crocodile, snake, and so on of which some ones are presented in the Red book of Viet Nam.
Visiting My Khanh, tourist can have a walk in the garden, breathing in fresh atmosphere, tasting fresh, nice fruits, and typical foods. They can stay in nice houses that are built under trees shadows, and enjoying traditional shows every night.
Bang Lang storks garden
Covering an area of over 2 ha, the garden has more than 20 bird species, and 10 races of stork with a quantity of tens of storks. Everyday, at 6.-7 a.m, storks are flying for their preys. In the afternoon, they are coming back to the garden, making an nice, and picturesque scene by tens of thousands of back, and forth storks wings.
-  Trade villages
Traditional products of Can Tho city are mainly made from wood, rattan, bamboo, ceramic, coconut fiber, coconut ladle, and water hyacinth. Being similar to other trade villages, the typical character of Can Tho’s trade villages is the continuously perfect concentration of all traditional products such as baskets, conical hats, rattan, and bamboo products, wooden furniture, and so on.
Thoi Long bamboo little shrimp trap knitting village
In Thoi Long ward (O Mon – Can Tho), there is a trade village to knit bamboo little shrimp trap – a waterways means for earning living of hundreds of thousands of people in Cuu Long river delta in flooding season.  The village has over 300 households, working animated from May to September in lunar calendar. Annually, 400,000 – 500,000 products are made.
Thom Rom fishnet knitting village
In Thanh Hung ward, Thot Not district, there are 70 households to do fishnet-knitting profession. When rainy season comes, thousands of households are working hardly. Products are diversified such as small meshes fishnet for catching linh fish, anabas, big meshes fishnet or three curtains fishnet for catching hypophthalmichthys, and kinds of big fish.
Thoi Nhut flower village
Thoi Nhut flower village was established 100 years ago in An Binh wards. It is very animated, and crowded on Tet holiday. Firstly, there were about 10 households to grow longevity chrysanthemums, berries chrysanthemums, dahlia, apricot, etc. Nowadays, there are hundreds of households to develop new export flower varieties such as Indonesia chrysanthemums, France longevity chrysanthemums, Thailand catus, sunflower, orchids, grafted apricot, and so on.
Long Tuyen ancient village
Going along the national highway No 91 towards Long Xuyen, passing Binh Thuy bridge, turning left, visitors come to an ancient village in Long Tuyen ward, Binh Thuy district.
Coming here, visitor can admire over 130 years old houses, characterized by the most typical characters of an ancint village of the Cuu Long river delta. Nowadays, interior, and exterior architectural works are still remained. Particularly, the architecture, and wooden carved works is the combination of French, and Vietnamese interior decoration. At that time, big landlords, and rich men in the region loved that character.
Natural resources
Soil resources
Being constantly raised by Hau river, and other rivers, Can Tho’s soil is relatively rich, and fat. The alluvial soil covers an area of 14.6 thousand ha, accounting for 49.6% out of the total area. It forms a vast region, stretching from Thot Not, O Mon, to Can Tho city.
Besides, Can Tho also has other kinds of soil namely salt marsh, and aluminiferous soil. Generally, Can Tho’s climate, and soil is very convenient for developing an interdisciplinary agriculture with many plants, and animals.
In Can Tho city, some existing minerals can be exploited at industrial exploitation scale. Peat can be found in the districts of O Mon, Thot Not. Peat in O Mon district has the reserves of 150,000 tons. Brick, and tile clay has discovered in 3 mines with high quality at the soil dept of 1-2 meter, and total reverses of bout 16.8 million cubic meters. Construction sand is concentrated in the islands of Khe, and Kinh. Mineral water can be found in some points with degree of heat of 420C, and output of 16 litters/s.
Water resources
Can Tho has a dense system of rivers, streams, and ditches with total length of 4,300 km, included the rives of Hau, Can Tho, Big Cai, and Small Cai. Its dense system of rivers, streams, and ditches is good condition for creation of abundant fresh water source of the city.
Besides, Can Tho also possesses a great system of canals with total length of 4 km.
Human resources
Can Tho has the population of 1,121,141 of which males are 550,334, and females are 570,807. The city areas are home of 559,040 people, while the rural areas are home of 562,101 people.
Annually, over 20,000 technical, and scientific cadres are trained. So far, Can Tho city has a quite abundant team of qualified technical, and scientific workers of all levels, and professions. It has contributed in promoting the development of technology, science, and the city’s economy.
Being 170 km of Ho Chi Minh city by roadway, Can Tho is the converging point of key transport glues of roadway, waterways, seaway among provinces. From Can Tho city, we can get to come to other regional provinces by inter-provinces highways such as national highway No91 from Can Tho to An Giang, national highway No80 from Can Tho to Kien Giang, national highway No61 from Cai Tac (Chau Thanh district) to Cai Tu ferry (Vi Thanh district), which is closed to Go Quao (Kien Giang district). Particularly, being located on national highway No1A, Can Tho city has convenient transport conditions with Cuu Long river delta provinces, and other cities throughout the country.
The inter-provinces bus stations system of Can Tho, and the other six local bus stations have well satisfied the traveling demand, and transport of goods by roadway.
Nowadays, Can Tho has 3 seaports, which are good conditions for easy transport of goods.
·        Can Tho seaport covers an area of 60,000 m2. It can accommodate ships with tonnage of 10,000 tons. This is the biggest seaport of the Cuu Long river delta.
·         Cai Cui seaport: It is in the construction process. In the future, it can accommodate ships with tonnage of 10,000-20,000 tons. The goods quantity transported through the port is 4.2 million tons/year. It is designed for the main purposes of importing materials, machines, equipments, consumption goods, and exporting commodities, and agricultural products of the Cuu Long river delta.
·        Tra Noc seaport covers an area of 16 ha with 3 big storehouses with capacity of 40,000 tons. The goods quantity circulated through the port can reach 200,000 tons/year. The port possesses a special containers port included a containers ground with area of 28,000 m2, a storehouse with area of 3,600 m2, and other goods place with area of 8,000 m2.
With total length of waterways of 3,187.419 km, Can Tho has advantage for transport by waterways of which the most important routes are Hau river one, and a part of Mekong river running through 6 provinces, especially the medium, and low section of Mekong river emptying into Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia. Ships with big tonnage of over 1,000 tons can travel from the East China sea, across Dinh An gate, to Can Tho city, and Cambodia, and vice versa.
Other river routes are Can Tho – Xa No – Cai Tu one that is a significant bridge between Ho Chi Minh city, the provinces of Hau Giang, and Ca Mau, Rach Soi – Vam Cong (Cai San canal) one belonging to the transportation route from Ho Chi Minh city to Kien Luong with the section of 28.5 km running through Can Tho, Can Con – Phung Hiep one belonging to the transportation route from Ho Chi Minh city to Ca Mau province with the section of 46.4 km running through Ho Chi Minh city. Being across Hau river, Can Tho ferry is 1,840 meters wide, connecting Can Tho city, and Vinh Long province. Besides, Can Tho also possesses 26 river routes under the management of local authority with total length of 614.3 km.
Can Tho city has Tra Noc airport – the biggest airport in the Cuu Long river delta – which was built before 1975. Nowadays, the airport has been upgraded, and extended with a view to become an international airport with domestic flights, and gradually open new flights to Southeast Asia in 2007
Post & Telecommunications
The system of post, and telecommunication of Can Tho city is quite modern with 1 central post office, 4 district post offices, and over 90 ones in wards, and precincts. It has satisfied the post, and telecommunications demand between Can Tho and other countries worldwide. The Internet network using ADLS line, has been deployed in all districts.
Can Tho city possesses Tra Noc thermo-electricity station with capacity of 200 MW. It has been connected to the national electricity network. Nowadays, O Mon thermo-electricity plant has been constructed with capacity of 600 MW in period I, and 2,600 MW in next periods.
There are 2 water supply factories with total capacity of 90,000 cubic meter/day & night. It is expected in 2010, the city will construct some new fresh water supply factories with capacity of 200,000 cubic meter/day & night.
The system of banks, insurance offices, state and foreign audit of Can Tho city have been operated quite effectively, synchronously, and continuously extended. It is able to cater the demands of international co-operation, and investment. Some banks are operating in the area of Can Tho included Vietcombank, Incombank, Agribank, Seabank, BIDVbank, ANZ, etc. There area lso branches of international insurance companies such as Prudential, Bao Viet, and so on.
Can Tho city has a relatively synchronous network of universities, colleges, vocational secondary schools, and technical training schools. The center of software technology, and the institute of rice researches of Cuu Long river delta has been changed into the Center of Science and Technology of Cuu Long river delta
Can Tho city plays an central role, acting as a motive force for the development of the Cuu Long river delta. The city has relatively developed infrastructure, and technical facilities. It possesses great potentialities of agriculture, fisheries, labor, and other advantages. In order to exploit available potentialities, and advantages, Can Tho government has issued policies on application of investment incentives, creation of good conditions for domestic, and abroad investors to invest in Can Tho city on basis of bilateral benefits.
·         Investment priorities:
·        Pharmaceutical plants, fruits, and high yield rice cultivation project
·        Aquaculture, cattle, and fowls industrial breeding project
·        Application of new, biological progresses, and high technology.
·        Environmental protection, and waste treatment project
·        BOT, BTO, or BT projects
·        Investment in construction, and trading in infrastructure of industrial, and processing zones, highly technological zone, industry, and small crafts industry centers, trade villages, and eco-tours.
·        Manufacture, and installation of motor for machine tools, engineering spare parts, light lorries for agriculture, installation of automobiles, and water-carriers.
·        Production of machines, and equipments for garment, and textile industry for export
·        Manufacture, and installation of electrical parts, application of new technology for production of information, and telecommunications equipments.
·        Setting up glue markets of rice, fruit, and supermarket.
·        Construction of highly stories apartments (at least 03 stories)
·        Construction of hospitals, high grade schools, vocational secondary schools.
·        Construction of light construction materials.
·        Construction of high-grade materials, and accessories for production of footwear, and clothes for export.
·        Production of high-grade packaging for export products
·        Projects need at least at least 500 employments.
Possessing a dense network of rivers, and streams, Can Tho city is favored by nature in terms of climate, soil resources. It enjoys a rich, and fat soil resources, and moderate climate. It is considered as “a city of the water region” with the floating markets of Phong Dien, Cai Rang, etc on rivers, and closely fruited gardens.
Being a cultural center of the Cuu Long river delta, Can Tho has been known for its historical relics, pagodas, and traditional festivals. Those are typically cultural products, representing a rich spiritual life of all ethnicities in the region.
All those elements have created rich tourism potentials for the development of Can Tho’s tourism with direction of green tours, eco-tours in combination with historical, and cultural tours in a bid to bring into full play the advantages of rivers, streams, and gardens of the Cuu Long river delta.
The province has taken full advantage of its available advantages, and continuously created good chances for investors to turn tourism into a key economic sector for the increase of tourism contribution in the factual people’s income. The converging point of the Mekong water civilization is deserved to be a tourism center of the Cuu Long river delta.
The network of rivers, and ditches of Can Tho city is relatively fully worked out. The water resources are abundant, satisfying the water demand for agriculture, and aquaculture.
So far, Can Tho has area of 1,000 ha of water surface for aquaculture of which over 5,000 ha is for sweet fishes, and shrimps rising. The market demand has been continuously extended. The main consumption market was depending on United States 4 or 5 years ago. Nowadays, it has been extended to Japan, and other European countries. As for 2011, Can Tho’s total export output of fisheries reached 45,279 tons, valued at US$ 150,332 thousands, an increase of 16% in compared to the year before of which the export turnover of frozen shrimps, Tra, and Basa fish, and other aquatic products achieved US$ 59,126,089, US$ 66,164,287, US$ 25,042,298 respectively.
The People’s Committee of Can Tho city has planned to develop aquaculture zone towards 2015, and orientation up to 2020, in order to sensibly exploit advantages, and potentialities of fisheries sector. According to orientation up to 2020, the processing industry of aquatic products has continued to be a one of the key economic sectors of Can Tho city, and acting as a motive force for the development of aquaculture. To implement those targets, the aquatic products processing companies have been continuously extending their markets, promoting the competitive advantages of products in markets, especially in the big markets of United States, EU, and Japan.
Over the past years, Can Tho has taken the lead of export rice output in Cuu Long river delta. After harvesting, a majority of rice output of Cuu Long river delta has been transported to Can Tho city for husking, and processing, as there is lots of rice processing factories with modern technological production line in here. Moreover, processed rice exported through Can Tho port is not only convenient, but also reduce its transportation cost. Annually, Can Tho’s rice has been exported to more than 20 countries of which the Asian markets of Malaysia, Philippine, Indonesia, and Iran, the African markets of South Africa, Mozambique, Cameron, Algeria, Ghana, and Togo are main ones.
Export rice output of Can Tho city achieved 554,000 tons worth US$ 138.2 millions in 2011, an increase of 64% in comparison to the same period. Many countries like rice that are produced, and processed in Viet Nam in general, and Can Tho city in particularly.
Considering rice export as one of the spearhead economic sectors of the city in coming times, Can Tho has paid much attention to planning rice growing zones, and varieties -select-ion as well as the works of processing, and preservation in a bid to create good products for consumer demand
I.Development viewpoints
Overall plan on socio- economic development of Can Tho city to ensure conformity with principles of socio-economic development strategy of the country, Me Kong river delta region; construct Can Tho city become industrial and modern city, the center and play role of development dynamic for the regional; ensure relationship between economic growth with good resolution of social problems, especially create jobs, reduce poverty rate, do well ethnic, religious activities; between economic development with ensuring security, defense, strengthening political and the State administrative system; protecting environment.
Accelerating economic growth, economic restructure towards industrialization and modernization; develop industry and service having high productivity and high added value; improve quality, efficiency and competitiveness of economy.
Developing socio-economic basing on utilizating strengths and advantages of the city; mobilizing maximum domestic resources together with attracting external resources, especially capital and science – technology. Encourage development of all economic sectors.
Investing and developing comprehensively, speed up urbanization coupled with improving quality of urban life.
Implementing strategy of human development, improving people’ss knowledge and quality of human resources; continuously improve and enhance people’s living standard.
II. Development goals
1.Overall objectives
Constructing Can Tho city become a modern and civilized city and become an industrial city by 2020; socio – economic center, education-training and science – technology center, culture – health centers of Mekong river delta region; important clues of internal and international transportation; a key area to keep strategic position on defense and security of Mekong river delta and the whole country; a development pole, acting as a force to boost strong growth of wholly Mekong river delta region.
2. Specific objectives
Exploiting and promoting maximum potential, advantages to develop economic repidly, sustainably, effectively and highly competitive in domestic and foreign markets, shifting promptly economic structure towards industry – service – high-tech agriculture.
Maintaining and accelerating economic growth rate higher than average level of the country. GDP growth rate in period of 2016-2020 is 18% per year.
GDP per capita (current prices) reaches USD 2,318 in 2015 and hitting USD 4,611 in 2020.
Economic structure shifts rapidly towards increasing proportion of services and industry. Growth rate of agriculture – forestry – fisheries, industry – construction and service are 6.5% – 19.3% – 18.1% in period of 2016 – 2020. Economic structure in 2015 are: agriculture – forestry – fishery 10.7%, industry – construction 45.1%, services 44.2%; in 2020 are: agriculture – forestry – fishery 3.7 %, industry – construction 53.8%, services 42.5%.
Average monilization rate of GDP into the State budget in period of 2015 – 2020 is about 17.1% of GDP.
Export turnover in period of 2016 – 2020 increase in average of 21.3% per year. Average export value reaches USD 1,540 per person in 2015 and USD 3,520 per person in 2020.
III. Development orientation of fields
1. Economic sectors
- Agriculture
Promoting   transformation of structure of agriculture towards intensification and diversification of crops, livestock; develop generally garden economic associated with aquaculture breeding and other eco-tourism, creating green,clean landscapes for suburban area. Constructing high technology agricultural zone. Promoting types of technical services for agriculture, especially services of providing seedlings, ornamental flowers for needs of urban and tourism.
Value of agricultural production (in constant prices 1994) hits USD 3,900-4,000 per hectare on average in 2015; USD 6,100-6,200 per hectare on average in 2020.
Area of agricultural land in 2020 is about 97,000 ha, accounting for 69.1%, non-agricultural land area increases by about 43,000 ha, accounting for 30.9% of total natural land area.
- Industry – construction – handicraft
Focus of development is processing industry. Investing gradually in intensive , high and clean technology. Focus on developing key industries: foodstuff processing, energy, engineering and machine building, chemical and biochemical products, biological, electrical and electronics, IT and new materials.
Manufacturing equipment for agriculture, fisheries production and processing post-harvested agricultural and fishery of the city and neighboring provinces. Producing consumption goods for needs of the city and region. Developing industrial goods sector towards the export basing on competitive advantages in natural resources and labor.
Building high-tech zone; completing industrial – small industrial zones of the city, districts. Building and promoting brand for products which has advantages to develop and compete on domestic and foreign markets.
-         Trade – service.
Promoting trade-service development to help the city become a center trade – service of the Mekong river delta region; connecting Can Tho market with market of big cities, key economic region of the South, the wholly country and other countries in the region; implement strategy of promoting export, expanding domestic market coupled with international integration. Developing commerce with participation of all economic sectors. Rearrange retail, services network. Encourage development of business, commerce, service in suburban area associating with construction of new residential areas, traffic development, building townships, towns, markets to promote development of industry, labor reassignment .
Tourism development: Can Tho strives to be “tourism destination ideal – safe – friendly” convergence of “civilization of the Mekong River”. Constructing of eco-tourism, general entertainment, Tay Do Cultural Center, International Convention Center and other luxury hotels. Extending space of suburban tourism with system of garden tourism and tourism in rural areas. Diversifying tourism products, types of cuisine, shopping visiting , weekend entertainment. Combining tourism with seminars, conferences, culture – history sightseeing, developing inter-regional travel and international travel. Training professional tourism staffs with civilized and polite service style .
Diversifying types of services. Promoting development of high added value services . Rapidly developing transport services (roads, waterways, air, railway, port); focusing on developing telecommunications services, scientific – technology services, consulting, finance, banking, insurance, auditing and training services, health, culture, sports.
2. Infrastructure Development
Mobilizing resources to develop socio-economic infrastructure. Constructing transport system, upgrading power grid, communications, urban infrastructure, infrastructure of industrial zones associating with protecting and improving environment.
In 2015, autoway density reaches 1.3 – 1.5 km/km2; telephone density reaches 35.65 telephone per 100 person, rate of households using electricity posts 99.5% rate of urban resident supplied concentrated clean water is 100%, rural resident is 84%. By 2020, autoway density reaches 2 – 2.5 km/km2; telephone density reaches 64 telephones per 100 person, rate of households useing electricity reaches 99.8%, rate of rural resident supplied concentrated clean water is 90%.
-         Traffic
Promoting development transportation technical infrastructure including road and waterway, sea and air, having enough to serve local international transportation and Can Tho city is truly gateway the Mekong river delta. Plan on inner city transportation infrastructure development must ensure conformity with approved master plan , especially suitable with highway connecting with Can Tho bridge which is being built.
+ Roads: investing in upgrading national highways 1A, 91, 91B, 80, national highways south Hau river level II standard in 2020; constructing highway Ho Chi Minh City – Can Tho , Vi Thanh – Can Tho, Bon Tong – Mot Ngan (passing Can Tho city). Investing in constructing and upgrading provincial roads, opening new perimeter routes and roads linking industrial zones to main roads. Constructing and upgrading urban roads under a planof the city and upgrading roads in centre of districts to hit urban road standard. Constructing and upgrading district roads under plain standard level V, VI, reaching 95% in 2015 and 100% in 2020; open new roads of importance district ; complete inter- communes, ward roads.
+ Railway: constructing railway Ho Chi Minh City – Can Tho.
+ Seaway: upgrading and deploying effectively system of Can Tho port to meet needs of transportation and appropriate to seaport plan of the Mekong river delta.
+ Waterway: concentrate to fully exploit strengths of waterway transportation. Upgrading national waterways Ho Chi Minh City – Ca Mau (Xa No canal) and Ho Chi Minh City – Kien Giang (Cai San canal) to meet standard for an inland waterway; waterways : O Mon channels, Thi Doi channel ( centrally management) meet standard of inland waterway level II, provincial waterways meet standard of level 4 and district waterways meets standard of level 5.
+ Airway: upgrading Tra Noc airport to become international airport.
+ Road, water transportation station system: bus, railway stations will be invested to construct in all districts, ensuring to meet needs of transportation of goods and travel of people, de well requirements of socio-economic development.
- Water supply activities: expand capacity and complete water distribution system in districts and build water supply systems for new urban area, new established wards, construct water supply system in centers of commune, concentrated residential area.
- Power supply: construct O Mon power center to meet need of using electricity for the city and neighboring provinces. Develop grid of the city to ensure requirements of socio- economic development of the city.
- Telecommunication: continue to modernize and diversify types of service; expand network together with applying modern technology in postal – telecommunication sector; quickly bring Internet services to communal cultural post office.
 - Waste treatment
+ Construct sewage treatment stations in urban areas, ensure environmental sanitation in accordance with current norms and standards; renovate and construct to separate rain-water drainage system and waste water drainage system, especially for industrial zones, new urban area. Wastewater treatment rate reaches 80% in 2015 and 98% in 2020.
+ Locate concentrated dumping ground having suitable scale and location in some suburban districts. Pay more interest in specialized technical equipment for waste collection and treatment, construct waste processing plant with advanced technology to restrict to a minimum level of environmental pollution. Rate of garbage collection in urban areas reaches 90% in 2015 and 95-98% in 2020.
3. Social sectors
- On population growth
Rapid population growth on basis of natural population growth control, estimated population size reached 1.3 to 1.4 million in 2015 and 1.65 to 1.8 million by 2020.
-         Education – Training
Promote development of education – training; strengthen construction of new school facilities and schools; diversification of school types, rapidly growing private school system; standardize teachers and managers.
+ In 2015, 80% of kindergarten, 70% of primary schools, 40% of middle school reaches national standards and by 2020, 100% school of all educational levels hits national standard. Expanding universal high school in 2015. From 2015, 100% of teachers meet the standards.
+ Strengthen and expand technical center, career-oriented education center opening in new districts ; open worker training schools, professional secondary schools, colleges, universities, international universities, upgrading Can Tho university to become national university; propose Party Central Committee’sSecretariat for establishment of Ho Chi Minh National Political Sub-Institute in Can Tho City to train staff for Mekong  river delta region.
-         Health
Improve efficiency of national target program on health care, improving health of people; reduce incidence of disease, preventing, control disease effectively. Promote socialization in protection and health care of people.
Upgrade, expand and complete system of available hospitals. Complete construction of new city hospital, build more specialized hospitals, high-technology diagnostic and treatment centers; upgrade facilities and equipment for health systems in districts, wards and communes; strengthen health personnel, especially doctors to rural areas. Reach average rate of 8.3 doctors / 10,000 people and 22.8 hospital beds/ 10,000 people in 2015; 12 doctors / 10,000 people and 29.2 hospital beds/ 10,000 people in 2020.
By 2020, mortality of children under 1 year of age drops below 2%, reduce maternal mortality rate of pregnancy by about 0.5 ‰. Reduce rate of malnourished children under 5 year old to under 20% in 2015 and less than 10% in 2020. Increase rate of fulfilling family planning in women of reproductive age in 2015 to 92% and 95% in 2020.
-         Culture – information – sports
Develop cohesion cultural in sync with socio-economic development , construct comprehensive development human . Invest to upgrade, expand and build new cultural works, information synchronization, diversity and continue to promote cultural activities – information on higher quality. Strongly develop journalism, publishing, and gradually modernize equipment, innovate methods, serve well politic duties in locality.
Develop many types of sports, training athletes forces at   national and international class. Invest in building completely sport facilities in districts, wards, communes and residential areas, ensure to meet demands of exercise and competition; Construct Tay Do cultural center, sporty center and strengthen national center of culture, traditional library, broadcasting, physical education and sport at grassroots.
Promote socialization in order to attract resources to enrich social -cultural activities, sports.
Striving to 2015, the city has 88% of family culture, 75% of communes, wards achieving the title of culture; in 2020, the city has 98% cultural families, 97% of communes, wards achieving title of culture.
-Poverty alleviation, job creation
Reduce poverty to 4.5 – 5% in 2015 and basically resolve status of poor households in 2020 (according to new criteria) with measures of vocational training, vocational, credit, improve their living’s standard, knowledge, create favorable conditions for the people to have jobs, tackle seasonal unemployment. Build apartment , support people to solve problem in urban areas, temporary home in rural and resettlement, of low-income households. Support the poor to develop economic. Ensure that households having a house up from 70% in 2015 and 75% or more by 2020.
By 2015, number of workers who have stable jobs is 65% and is 72% in 2020. Well resolve mechanism for policy, revolution families to reach average standard of living.
4. Science – Technology
Promote application of science and technology for socio – economic development of the city. Support and encourage technological innovation; -select- advanced technology at home and abroad to apply in accordance with local conditions. Attract investment in science – technology and quality of labor force from other localities; strengthen scientific – technology cooperation among organizations and individuals inside and outside the country to early form and develop market of science – technology, build high-tech zone.
5. Environment
Protect and improve environment. Give priority to restore water quality of rivers and canals, especially in urban areas; research methods to exploit groundwater, manage and treat pollution in development of agriculture and rural areas. Prevent and control environmental pollution of air and noise; protect and restore biological diversity and strongly socialize environmental protection.
6. Defense – Security
Incorporates economic development with strengthening social national defense and building up security posture, hold fast to ensure political security, social order and safety in all situations. Consolidate and build regular military forces, gradually modernizing; building forces, self-defense. Building strong, clean police force; improve effectiveness of prevention and fight against crime, make changes on firm order and social safety.
IV. Space, territory development plan
- Region I: flood affected areas, including districts of Vinh Thanh, Thot Not districts , district of Co Do and O Mon district, natural area of 94,390 hectares and a population of 624,200 people by 2020, density of 661 persons / km2. It is expected that average economic growth rate in period of 2015 – 2020 reaches 11.9% per year. Economic structure of agriculture, forestry, fisheries – industrial – service are 15.7% – 39.6% – 44.7%, GDP per capita hits USD 2,757 per person in 2020.
- Region II: areas affected by tides, including Binh Thuy, Ninh Kieu, Cai Rang, Phong Dien district, district of Co Do and O Mon district, natural area of 44,590 hectares, population until 2020 is approximately 1.159 million people, density 2,600 people /km2. Economy will grow rapidly with average growth rate in period of 2015 – 2020 reaches 19.3% per year. Economic structure of agriculture, forestry, fisheries – industrial – service are 0.7% – 57.4% – 41.9%, GDP per capita posts USD 5,609 per capital in 2020.
V. Urban development plan
- For inner city, promote role of central administration, economics, culture, science, accelerating process of industrialization, modernization and development of powerful services and industry, leading economic, industry and knowledge development with high technology content; formation of functional areas including:
+ Urban center: Ninh Kieu – Binh Thuy;
+ Sport urban Cai Rang;
+ Industrial Urban Binh Thuy – O Mon;
+ Technology Urban: O Mon.
Also, formation and development of services urban – Thot Not, industrial and ecology urban Binh Thuy – Phong Dien, as a basis to develop into districts after 2015.
- For rural areas: upgrade exist town, forming new towns, develop agriculture and ecological, diversify science and technology services in agricultural production, associating with preservation preliminary treatment, processing and consumption of products.
VI. Some solutions to implement plan
1.    Capital solutions
Demand for capital in period of 2010 – 2020 is very large. Capital investment are from local budget, central budget through ministries, from economic sectors outside the city and foreign direct investment, from investment credit from people and businesses on the City. Capital solutions including: successful implementation of Decision No 42/2009/QD-TTg on May 16, 2009 by the Prime Minister on financial mechanisms for budget city . Coordinate and enlist support of ministries and central branches, private corporations, State-run corporation. Implement preferential policies to attract economic sectors involving in development. Research on establishment of investment funds for urban development.
2. Land policy
Implement land using plan for districts, pay special attention to detail plan of urban land, land for industrial zone, land for center of trade and services.
3. Policy on training human resources and attracting talent.
Shift rapidly population structure towards growing urban population, give priority to receive qualified technical, high professional and higher education experts.
4. Solutions on developing science and technology potential.
Investing in technology transfer from foreign countries into the city, creating favorable conditions for technological renovation of enterprises, gradually improve capacity of science staff and technical specialist.
5. Build capacity of administrative management.
Continue to promote implementation of administrative reform program on basis of reviewing functions, duties and powers of departments, agencies , create coordination mechanisms, enhancing responsibility among agencies involved in the State management . Training professional management for officials and public servants; standardize staff to suit each stage of development and specific conditions of the city. Implementing regulation on grassroots democracy .
6. Development Cooperation
Cooperate provinces and cities across the country in field of investing in goods production, tourism, domestic consumption and export. Cooperate with other provinces in the area to have agricultural supply source for domestic markets and export. Cooperate in a field of investing goods production for the whole region.

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